COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING DIRECTIVE (EU) …/…of 5.11.2021 amending Annexes I and II to Council Directive 66/402/EEC as regards requirements for seeds of hybrid wheat produced by means of cytoplasmic male sterility

1. Commission Implementing Directive (EU) 2021/1927 (“Directive 2021/1927”) published on 5 November 2021 amends Annexes I and II to Council Directive 66/402/EEC on the requirements for seeds of hybrid wheat produced by means of cytoplasmic male sterility (“CMS”). CMS is a condition under which a plant is unable to produce functional pollen and represents a valuable tool in the production of hybrid seed in self-pollinating crop species. Member States are required to transpose Directive 2021/1927 by 31 August 2022 and apply the new provisions from 1 September 2022 to 31 August 2029.

2. Directive 2021/1927 is time limited to allow breeders to test and review the efficiency of these new technical requirements, with an obligation for Member States to report annually to the Commission on the results of hybrid seed produced by CMS in their territory in the preceding year.

3. Council Directive 66/402/EEC sets out the EU’s requirements on the production and marketing of cereal seed. Before the amendment by Directive 2021/1927, EU Directive 66/402/EEC permitted hybrid wheat seed to be produced by techniques involving direct crossing of two different varieties of the same plant and chemical hybridization. Directive 2021/1927 amends the technical requirements within Directive 66/402/EEC to enable seed of hybrid wheat to also be produced by CMS which, in recent years, has been accepted worldwide as an alternative breeding technique and looks to benefit farmers by providing them with a new type of wheat variety.

Topic  Agriculture 
Department  DEFRA 
Council Reference   
COM Reference   
SEC Reference   
PE Cons   
JOIN   
SWD   
C Reference  C(21)7844 

Associated file(s)


  1. C(2021)7844 - 229 KB - pdf
  2. C(2021)7844 + Add 1 - 356 KB - pdf
  3. EM C(2021)7844 - 135 KB - pdf

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