REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL, THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE AND THE COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS on the implementation and the impact on the environment and the functioning of the internal market of Directive 2006/66/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 September 2006 on batteries and accumulators and waste batteries and accumulators and repealing Directive 91/157/EEC
1. Article 23 of the Batteries Directive requires the Commission to review the implementation of the directive and its impact on the environment and the functioning of the internal market. These two Commission reports have been produced to meet that requirement.
2. The Commission Staff Working document provides a detailed evaluation of the effectiveness of the Batteries Directive while the shorter report from the Commission largely condenses the text to set out the main findings and conclusions.
3. The reports are particularly required to cover:
Whether further measures are required to control heavy metals in batteries
Waste portable battery collection targets
The possible introduction of further targets
Battery treatment recycling efficiencies
4. The reports are part of a wider process which is considering whether the Batteries Directive itself should be revised. The Commission’s report on the implementation of the Strategic Action Plan on Batteries: Building a Strategic Battery Value Chain in Europe (COM(2019) 176 final of 9 April 2019) is also relevant in this respect.
5. The Batteries Directive aims to minimise the negative consequences of batteries on the environment. It also seeks to ensure the smooth functioning of the internal market. It does this by restricting the use of certain heavy metals in battery manufacture, by setting collection targets for portable batteries (currently 45% of a rolling three year average of batteries placed on the market), bans the disposal of industrial and automotive batteries to landfill and their incineration and sets minimum treatment efficiencies for batteries at end-of-life. These treatment efficiencies vary from 50% to 75% according to battery chemistry. Other requirements relate to the marking and labelling of batteries as well as their removability from electrical equipment to aid their recycling.