REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL, THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE AND THE COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS on the status of production expansion of relevant food and feed crops worldwide
1. The recast Renewable Energy Directive (EU) 2018/2001 (“REDII” or the “Directive”) entered into force on 24 December 2018. As required under Article 26 (2) of the REDII, the Commission has published two new documents:
• A proposed delegated act setting out criteria to determine high indirect land-use change (ILUC) risk feedstocks and principles for low ILUC certification for biofuels, bioliquids and biomass fuels for the purposes of Article 26(2) of the REDII.
• An accompanying report on the status of production expansion of relevant food and feed crops worldwide.
2. The REDII is intended to promote the development of renewable energy in the next decade through an EU-wide renewable energy target of at least 32% by 2030 and a sub-target of 14% renewable energy in the transport sector.
3. Further to existing measures to promote a transition from crop-based to waste-based biofuels with higher greenhouse gas emission savings, the Directive contains a new approach to biofuels, bioliquids and biomass fuels with a high risk of causing indirect land-use change. This new approach, set out in Article 26 (2) of the Directive, was adopted in response to concerns around oil seeds like palm oil, the use of which for biofuel production has been linked to deforestation in producing countries.