REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL Sixth report on monitoring development of the rail market
The Commission’s report provides a statistical analysis of the development of the European Union (EU) rail market as a result of the increasing opening-up of markets to national and international competition. This particularly arose as the result of the implementation of four “railway packages” introduced between 2001 and 2016. Each package built on earlier legislation which introduced a limited degree of market opening, management independence from the state and separation between the management of infrastructure and the operation of services.
2. Under Directive 2012/34/EU (which repealed and consolidated previous EU railway legislation as well as introducing a number of substantive changes to the EU railway market) the Commission has an obligation to produce a report to the Council of Ministers and European Parliament every two years. The Commission has now published its Sixth Market Monitoring Report (“the Report”) with the first, second, third, fourth and fifth reports being published in 2007, 2009, 2012, 2014 and 2017 respectively. The Report is accompanied by a staff working document (“the Document”) which provides additional information and the statistical analysis which supports the assessment.
3. For the first time, the Report draws on information provided by Member States in response to a questionnaire contained within the Annex of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/1100 on the reporting obligations of the Member States in the framework of rail market monitoring. The Report covers statistics up to the end of 2016 and the Commission is confident that the new method of collecting the data will ultimately lead to a more reliable dataset, following a period of transition.