REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL Quality of petrol and diesel fuel used for road transport in the European Union (Reporting year 2018)
1. Under the terms of Directive 98/70/EC as amended (‘the Directive’), EU Member States are obliged to report annually to the European Commission (‘the Commission’) on the quality of petrol and diesel fuel sold within their territory in the previous calendar year.
2. In 2019 the UK provided data to the Commission on the quality of petrol and diesel fuel sold in 2018, as required as a Member State at that time. As the UK has left the EU, we are no longer obliged to report to the Commission on the quality of fuel sold in Great Britain after the end of the transition period.
3. The Directive sets technical specifications, on health and environmental grounds, for petrol and diesel fuels used in road vehicles and non-road mobile machinery. It also requires the Commission to publish a report on the quality of petrol and diesel within the European Union (EU) as a whole, based on a summary of reports from Member States.
4. In addition, the Directive requires suppliers to reduce the greenhouse gas (GHG) intensity of the fuels used in road transport and non-road mobile machinery by 6% by 31 December 2020, when measured against a baseline representing typical GHG emissions of fossil fuel consumed in the EU in 2010.
5. Council Directive (EU) 2015/652 (‘Directive 2015/652’) sets out the implementing measures for calculating and reporting with respect to the 6% GHG reduction target in the Directive. The Directive requires EU Member States to report information on GHG intensity of fuels and energy supplied in their territories as well as the quality of petrol and diesel. These results have been included in the Commission report which covers the year 2018.
6. Suppliers can meet the 6% GHG reduction target by switching to fuels with a lower GHG intensity than diesel and petrol such as biofuels.