REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE COUNCIL AND THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT on implementation of Directive 2010/75/EU and final reports on its predecessor legislation
1. This document is the first report from the European Commission on the implementation of the Industrial Emissions Directive 2010/75/EU (IED). It summarises the initial phase of implementation since the Directive was introduced in 2010, outlining the work carried out, reviewing the Commission's related activities and considering future implementation plans.
2. There is a clear scientific and medical consensus that air pollution shortens lives and reduces quality of life, especially for the most vulnerable. The UK recently adopted ambitious, legally-binding targets to reduce emissions of five damaging air pollutants (ammonia, nitrogen oxides, non-methane volatile organic compounds, fine particulate matter and sulphur dioxide) by 2020 and 2030; aiming to cut the public health impacts of air pollution by half.
3. Industrial processes including the generation of electricity and the manufacture of goods are responsible for 45% of nitrogen oxides (NOx), 80% of sulphur dioxide (SO2) 29% of particulate matter (PM2.5) and 60% of volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions in 2015 in the UK.
4. The Industrial Emissions Directive (IED) stipulates that industrial installations covered by its requirements must comply with standards on emissions, waste minimisation, and energy efficiency, by applying Best Available Techniques (BAT). These techniques, and emission limits associated with their use, are set out in BAT Reference Documents (BREFs). The aim of the BREFs is to ensure that there is continual improvement of the environmental performance of industry and that across the EU the best techniques are being used.