REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE COUNCIL on the Evaluation of the Regulation (EU) 2016/369 on the provision of emergency support within the Union COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT on the Evaluation of the operation of Council Regulation (EU) 2016/369 on the provision of emergency support within the Union Accompanying the document Report from the Commission to the Council on the Evaluation of the Regulation (EU) 2016/369 on the provision of emergency support within the Union
1. Regulation 2016/369 (‘the Regulation’), on the provision of emergency support within the Union, came into force in March 2016 and covers a period up to 2019. It created the Emergency Support Instrument (ESI). The general objective of ESI is to provide needs-based emergency support aimed at preserving life; preventing and alleviating human suffering and maintaining human dignity. It is aimed to complement the response of the affected Member State. It addresses humanitarian issues relating from migratory pressures on the EU’s external borders and can also offer support following natural or man-made disasters, if these give rise to humanitarian consequences or no other EU instrument is available or adequate.
2. The only intervention funded by the ESI was to support action to combat the refugee crisis in Greece. The high number of migrant arrivals, closure of the Western Balkans borders and Greece’s shift from being a transit to host country all led to the activation of the ESI. A total of €650mn (£560mn ) was made available for the three-year activation period of the ESI.
3. In Greece, the ESI funded 29 operational actions implemented by 18 implementing partners, in areas including: the provision of shelter, site management, cash assistance, distribution of non-food items, protections, education, food aid and health services. The ESI’s flagship initiative, the Emergency Support to Integration and Accommodations (ESTIA) programme, provided housing to over 50,000 people.