Recommendation for a COUNCIL DECISION authorising the opening of negotiations on an agreement between the European Union and each individual European Neighbourhood Policy South country for the purpose of agreeing the terms and conditions for extending the provision of the European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service (EGNOS) over European Neighbourhood Policy
1. This proposal is for a Council decision to authorise the opening of negotiations on an agreement (“the Cooperation Agreement”) between the European Union and each individual country which forms part of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) South .
2. According to Article 29 of Regulation (EU) No 1285/2013, which is the instrument on which the European satellite navigation programmes are based, the Union may enter into agreements with third countries and international organisations in the context of the Galileo and EGNOS programmes. Article 2(5) third paragraph enables geographical coverage of EGNOS to be extended to countries of the ENP subject to technical feasibility and on the basis of international agreements.
3. The Cooperation Agreements will establish the terms and conditions with each country for the provision of an independent satellite-based augmentation service (SBAS), that is based on the European Union’s Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service (EGNOS). SBAS is a satellite navigation augmentation system that improves the accuracy of the US’ Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), GPS, to the point where it can be relied upon for safety critical functions such as landing aircraft. When the EU’s own global navigation satellite system (Galileo) is operational, this signal can also be used by an augmentation system.