Proposal of the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, with the support of the Commission, to the Council for a Council Decision establishing a European Peace Facility
1. The European Commission has proposed the creation of a European Peace Facility (EPF) covering the period 2021-2022 that would not be eligible for ODA (Official Development Assistance).
2. The purpose of the EPF is to combine several EU instruments into one off-budget fund for the duration of the next Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) to finance all military or defence external action under the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). If agreed by Member States, the EPF would finance three categories of actions as follows:
i. EU military operations under the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), replacing the ATHENA Mechanism as the means of financing common (shared) costs of EU military operations. Annex IV to the Regulation sets out the definition of common costs.
ii. Support to partners’ military peace support operations: financing is currently provided outside of the EU budget through the African Peace Facility (APF) established under, and funded by, the European Development Fund (EDF). This is currently limited to operations led by the African Union or by African regional organisations. The EPF would enable the EU to directly finance peace support operations led by third States and international organisations on a global basis, not limited to Africa or to the African Union.
iii. Broader actions of a military / defence nature in support of CFSP objectives: This would increase the EU’s capacity to finance capacity building activities for military actors, and the provision of military training, equipment and infrastructure. Currently, EU Treaty restrictions limit Capacity Building of military actors to actions whose primary objective is development. The EPF would allow capacity building for defence and security purposes.
|Topic||Common Foreign and Security Policy|