Proposal for a Decision of the European Council establishing the composition of the European Parliament
1. The European Parliament (EP) has been tasked to propose a new system on the number and distribution of seats for the 2019 elections. This will be adopted by the Council of the European Union with a current deadline of June 2018. The European Parliament sent their proposal for a Decision of the European Council establishing the composition of the European Parliament to the Council on 2 February 2018. It will then pass back to the EP for their final consent.
2. The Council requested in 2013 that the EP put forward a proposal for the definition of a system based on degressive proportionality. The discussion occurred following the accession of Croatia, some Member States had to give up their seats to comply with the Lisbon Treaty rules. This was a temporary solution and it was agreed the EP would come forward with a proposal for a new formula of distribution of seats to apply for the 2019 EP elections.
3. The Treaty on European Union lays down the criteria for the composition of Parliament, namely: the number of MEPs should not exceed 750 in number, plus the President; representation should be degressively proportional; there is a minimum of six seats, and a maximum of ninety-six, per Member State.