Proposal for a COUNCIL REGULATION on the Research and Training Programme of the European Atomic Energy Community (2019-2020) complementing the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme for Research and Innovation
1. This proposal seeks to extend the Euratom Research and Training (R&T) Programme by two years. The current programme was established to run from 2014-2018, and this document proposes an extension that will align the end of the programme with the end of the EU Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) in 2020.
2. The Euratom R&T Programme is a sister programme of the EU’s seven year research framework programmes (such as Horizon 2020). The Euratom R&T Programme provides the same function for nuclear research. The current programme, running from 2014 to 2018 was established by Council Regulation No 1314/2013 in December 2013, with an overall budget of €1.6 billion. This programme is due to end in December 2018.
3. The Euratom R&T Programme funds nuclear research and training with an emphasis on fusion energy, nuclear safety and security, radiation protection, and radioactive waste management. This is done using two mechanisms:
• Direct actions are research activities undertaken by the Commission through its Joint Research Centre (JRC) and cover only nuclear fission research. None of these are undertaken in the UK, although UK organisations can participate.
• Indirect actions are activities undertaken by participants in Member States funded by the programme. For nuclear fission research, this is done via competitive calls for proposals. For nuclear fusion research, a joint programme, known as EUROfusion, was established, alongside non-competitive funding for the Joint European Torus (JET) fusion research facility. The latter is run by the UK Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA) based at the Culham Centre for Fusion Energy.