Proposal for a COUNCIL DECISION on the position to be taken on behalf of the European Union in the Port State Control Committee of the Paris Memorandum of Understanding on port State control
1. Port State Control (PSC) is a regime whereby States inspect foreign flag ships in their waters to ensure compliance with relevant maritime conventions and take actions against those ships which are not in compliance. This is administered through regional Memorandums of Understandings (MOU) e.g. the Paris MOU (signed in Paris on 26 January 1982, as amended), Tokyo MOU, Indian Ocean MOU. The UK is a member of the Paris MOU along with EU member states that have maritime ports, as well as Iceland, Norway, Russia and Canada.
2. EU Directive 2009/16/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on port State control (as amended) (“the PSC Directive”) promotes a harmonised approach to the effective enforcement of the relevant international conventions (e.g. the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 and the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973) by Member States in respect of ships sailing in the waters under their jurisdiction. The PSC Directive also establishes common criteria for control of ships by the port state and harmonising procedures on inspection and detention, building upon the expertise and experience under the Paris MOU. In addition, it implements within the EU a port state control system based on inspections performed there and within the Paris MOU region, aiming at inspection of all ships with a frequency depending on risk profile.