European Court of Auditors Special report no.8: Wind and solar power for electricity generation: significant action needed if EU targets to be met
1. The Renewable Energy Directive (RED) was adopted in 2009 and establishes a policy framework for the production and promotion of renewables in the EU. It sets a target for the EU of a 20% share of energy from renewable sources by 2020. It also sets binding Member State renewable energy targets in 2020 (15% in the UK) as well as a binding sub-target to achieve a 10% share from renewable energy in transport in 2020.
2. In June 2016, the European Commission announced proposals to recast the RED, continuing the policy framework and setting a binding target for the EU of a 32% share of energy from renewable sources in 2030. In a change from the binding 2020 national targets set in the original Directive, Member States are instead required to set their own non-binding contributions to the EU’s 2030 renewables target. The EU adopted the recast RED in December 2018, to be transposed by 30 June 2021. A new Regulation on Governance of the Energy Union was also adopted, establishing an integrated planning, reporting and assessment framework for the objectives of the EU’s Energy Union, including renewables.