European Court of Auditors Special report no.8: Wind and solar power for electricity generation: significant action needed if EU targets to be met

1. The Renewable Energy Directive (RED) was adopted in 2009 and establishes a policy framework for the production and promotion of renewables in the EU. It sets a target for the EU of a 20% share of energy from renewable sources by 2020. It also sets binding Member State renewable energy targets in 2020 (15% in the UK) as well as a binding sub-target to achieve a 10% share from renewable energy in transport in 2020.

2. In June 2016, the European Commission announced proposals to recast the RED, continuing the policy framework and setting a binding target for the EU of a 32% share of energy from renewable sources in 2030. In a change from the binding 2020 national targets set in the original Directive, Member States are instead required to set their own non-binding contributions to the EU’s 2030 renewables target. The EU adopted the recast RED in December 2018, to be transposed by 30 June 2021. A new Regulation on Governance of the Energy Union was also adopted, establishing an integrated planning, reporting and assessment framework for the objectives of the EU’s Energy Union, including renewables.

Topic  EU Audits 
Department  DBEIS 
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Associated file(s)


  1. COA REPORT - 2 MB - pdf
  2. EM on COA Report - 520 KB - pdf

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