Council Decision in support of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) in the framework of the EU Strategy against Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction

1. The attached draft proposal for a Council Decision serves as an operational policy tool for the European Union to provide essential follow-up and momentum to the activities undertaken throughout 2016-2018 in the framework of Council Decision 2016/51/CFSP in support of the BTWC. Adoption of the Decision will help ensure the sustainability of activities set out in 2016/51/CFSP (see Annex C) and enhance the implementation of objectives reached as an outcome of the Meetings of States Parties to the BTWC held in December 2017 and 2018. The Decision is intended to support future discussions in the BTWC Meetings of Experts in 2019 and 2020, and inform preparations for the Ninth Review Conference of the States Parties to the BTWC in 2021.

2. The BTWC is the first multilateral disarmament treaty banning an entire category of weapons; it entered into force on 26 March 1975. The BTWC effectively prohibits the development, production, acquisition, transfer, stockpiling and use of biological and toxin weapons and is a key element in the international community’s efforts to address the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.

3. On 18 January 2016, the Council adopted Decision 2016/51/CFSP in support of the BTWC, in the framework of the EU Strategy against the proliferation of WMD. Seven more States became States Parties to the BTWC since the adoption of Decision 2016/51/CFSP and several States benefited from assistance provided by Union experts.

Topic  Common Foreign and Security Policy 
Department  FCO 
Council Reference   
COM Reference   
SEC Reference   
PE Cons   
JOIN   
SWD   
C Reference   

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