COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL Third Annual Report on the Facility for Refugees in Turkey
1. The Third Annual Report on the EU Facility for Refugees in Turkey (FRIT) describes the functioning of the Facility and provides an update on its implementation. The FRIT was agreed as part of the EU-Turkey Joint Action Plan in late 2015. Turkey agreed to increase support to Syrian refugees and to take further steps to prevent irregular migration to the EU. The EU agreed to provide support through the FRIT and to accelerate visa liberalisation and EU accession for Turkey. The 18 March 2016 EU-Turkey Statement reaffirmed the elements agreed under the Joint Action Plan and established that all irregular migrants crossing from Turkey to the Greek islands would be returned to Turkey. The EU-Turkey Statement, of which the FRIT is one part, continues to deliver concrete results in reducing irregular and dangerous crossings across the Aegean Sea.
2. The FRIT is a coordination mechanism that allows for the swift, effective and efficient mobilisation of EU assistance to refugees in Turkey. It is made up of financing from the EU budget and additional contributions from Member States, amounting to a total of €6 billion, with €3 billion committed for 2016-2017 and a further €3 billion for 2018-2019. The Facility channels its assistance for refugees through existing EU funding instruments. The main objective is to assist Turkey in addressing the immediate humanitarian and development needs of refugees and their host communities.
3. The FRIT delivers both humanitarian and non-humanitarian support, focusing on six priority areas: 1) humanitarian assistance; 2) migration management; 3) education; 4) health; 5) municipal infrastructure; 6) socio-economic support. It is governed by a Steering Committee whose role is to provide strategic guidance.