COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2019/159 of 31 January 2019 imposing definitive safeguard measures against imports of certain steel products

1. On 26 March 2018, the European Commission opened an investigation into a defined number of steel product categories. The Commission decided to open the investigation in the light of sufficient evidence that imports of those products might cause or threaten to cause serious injury to EU producers. The information available to the Commission showed a trend of increasing imports and the prevailing economic and trade conditions, including the situation of the EU steel industry, justified an in-depth investigation. In addition, due to the US measures adopted against certain steel and aluminium products as of 23 March 2018, following a national security investigation carried out under Section 232 of the US Trade Expansion Act 1962, there was a high risk of a further increase in imports to the EU resulting from trade diversion. In taking this action, the EU is following its regulations implementing the World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement on Safeguards to protect EU industry.

2. On 1 February 2019, the European Commission imposed definitive safeguard measures on imports of 28 categories of steel products. Provisional measures were previously imposed by the European Commission on imports of 23 categories of steel products on 18 July 2018. The safeguard measures are applied on a defined list of steel products regardless of place of origin, subject to certain exemptions (see paragraph 7).

Topic  Trade 
Department  DFIT 
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Associated file(s)


  1. Unnumbered Document - 811 KB - pdf
  2. Unnumbered EM - 473 KB - pdf

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