COMMISSION DELEGATED REGULATION (EU) …/... of 12.2.2020 amending Annexes II and IV to Regulation (EU) No 978/2012 as regards the temporary withdrawal of the arrangements referred to in Article 1(2) of Regulation (EU) No 978/2012 in respect of certain products originating in the Kingdom of Cambodia
1. The European Union’s (EU) Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP) supports economic development in around 70 developing countries by allowing products from those countries to enter the EU under reduced import tariffs. It is the main mechanism through which the EU grants preferential market access by reducing or eliminating the tariffs levied on products from developing countries. The EU’s legislative policy in this area is published in Regulation (EU) No 978/2012 (the GSP Regulation).
2. The EU offers three levels of preferences – Standard GSP (which grants tariff reductions for products and encompasses around 66% of tariff lines), GSP+ (a special incentive arrangement for countries considered vulnerable and which commit to implement and report on 27 international conventions relating to human and labour rights, the environment, and good governance) and the Everything But Arms (EBA) arrangement which grants duty-free, quota-free access for all imported products apart from arms and ammunition from Least Developed Countries (LDCs).
4. On 26 February 2018, the EU Foreign Affairs Council expressed deep concern about the ongoing deterioration of democracy in Cambodia, marked by a reduction in respect for human rights, particularly those regarding political participation, and the rule of law, as well as a corresponding rise in repression.